Are you examining for profitable banana farming In Kenya? Then, you have come to the honorable place. In this short banana agribusiness pdf, we’re going to show you exactly what you need to achieve success in the endeavor.
Let’s get you begun on what you came here to examine read without wasting much of your special time.
Banana Farming In Kenya
Bananas are one of the most developed tropical crops after maize and beans. The banana fruit is also a head of income in many households and a staple product.
Apart from existing used as a fruit, bananas complete fruit salads, starch, crips, alcohol, or even dried & then sold as a dry fruit.
The banana flower is also employed as a vegetable but must be boiled in salty water to remove the sore taste.
This plant’s leaves and stems are just for dairy and poultry consumption as they nourish essential protein supplements.
Bananas do well in warm climatic requirements coupled with constant humidity in the air. These plants require long and regularly spread rains with temperature ranges of 26-27ºC.
These conditions are satisfied at latitude 30 to 31º North or South and 1 to 2m altitudes. In Kenya, Kisii & Meru are good examples of these conditions.
In equatorial conditions, light does not have as considerably effect on plant development as in subtropical circumstances.
Although by reducing the light intensity, the plant’s vegetative cycle is prolonged. The quantity and strength of light also influences the growth of the suckers.
Bananas require a minimum portion of rain from 120 to 150mm per month or 44mm per week.
The absence of water at any given time can cause a decrease in the number and size of the fruits and the definitive yield of the harvest.
Banana cultivation and development thrive well in grounds with the following properties;
- Silty clay loam soils
- Sandy loam soils.
- Any other soil with a loamy soil texture is also fine.
The soils should be well rich in nitrogen, fertile, and well-drained with a permeability of 1.2-a.5m in-depth.
Soils decadent in potassium, limestone, clay-siliceous, or those acquired from deforestation but do not contain water during the rainy seasons are also eligible for banana cultivation.
It is essential to note that banana trees have a high toleration to the soil’s acidity. Thus, the soil PH should be between 4.5 to 8, with the optimum being 6.5. Although this may be correct, bananas thrive the most useful on flatlands, with 0-1% slopes.
As you all know, bananas are unable of producing seeds. Therefore, this leaves us with justtwo methods of reproduction. And that is via the asexual and vegetative propagation. Thus, let us look at the various techniques of banana agribusiness in Kenya’s propagation.
Techniques of Banana propagation.
- Traditional propagation
- Propagation by the Corms division.
- Propagation by projection division.
- Propagation by break and elimination of the major bud
- Propagation via the use of shoots.
- Propagation via “Vitro plants.”
- Propagation and accompanying production (PPS)
Banana propagation & planting are highly dependent on the style and age of the suckers utilized during cultivation.
A well-developed outgrowth should be at least 75cm high with a stem diameter of 15cm and have linear leaves.
The sprout will, in bend, reproduce other suckers 18 months after transplantation. The banana trees will begin bearing fruits well after 2 to 3 years.
How to plant the banana suckers
Once the suckers have been selected and ready for planting, holes are dug in open ground to qualify.
In general, intervals of 0.30-0.40 x 0.30-0.40 x 0.30-0.40m are advised. It is convenient to add 2 to 3kg of organic fertilizer at the base of the hole to improve root development.
For short banana types, the distance from one sucker to the next should be 3m. And from one row to the different row- row should be 3M. It is advisable to grow at least 1000 bananas every acre.
For the wide multiplicity of bananas, the distance from one sucker to the next should be 3m. And from one row to other row to row should be 8 m. Here at least, you can grow 480 bananas on an acre.
The most suitable time to plant banana suckers is during prolonged rains. You can also do intercropping during the earlier stages of banana planting.
Weeding should emerge after 4-6 weeks from the planting day to draw unwanted sprouts. The faucets should not exceed 4 per banana tree.
In this matter, only the banana tree and 3 three tiny, medium-sized sprouts should be permitted to grow.
Too many banana trees in a provided spot can cause the production of little banana fruits. Unwanted nodes should be cut down & destroyed in the growing part.
The banana field is also loaded with mulch, which is kept 60cm away from the trees.
Just like any different crop, bananas also need fertilizer to produce correctly. Leguminous plants, through intercropping, deliver these essential nutrients to the soil.
Cowdung & compost manure is also essential. Nevertheless, we are advised to use phosphate rock for enhancing and strengthening the roots of bananas.
Pests and Diseases that interfere Banana Farming in Kenya
Bacterial wilt originally attacks the leaf between the three young leaves, turning yellowish & shrivel. Later the other leaves shrink and fall around the stem of the bananas. Bananas contaminated with this type of disease often have spots on the interior.
How to prevent Bacterial Wilt disease
- Remove & burn all the fake banana trees.
- Use disease-free suckers.
- Lastly, always use disease-resistant suckers as feasible if you can.
This is a random kind of disease, which suggests that it can occur during the growth of bananas.
This disease is usually applied by aphids and can even attack young shoots. The infected manufacturers may fail to reproduce or even produce small, sturdy bananas.
How to obtain rid of the bunchy top viruses
- Use non-invasive sprouts.
- Remove and scorch all infected plants, including their corms.
The Cigar End rot disease
This infection can affect ripe banana fruit, too, pushing the banana’s rot and dryness from the end tip. The contrived fruit becomes dark and thick as ash. It examines like a cigarette end is off.
- Avoid harming bananas, and do not cut the banana flower 8 to 11 weeks from birth.
- Focus on hygiene in the field.