HomeAGRIBUSINESSFodder Beet Farming in Kenya: The Most suitable Yielding Forage Crop

Fodder Beet Farming in Kenya: The Most suitable Yielding Forage Crop

Fodder Beet, also is understood as the fattening tuber, is a high-yielding dairy silage crop. As referenced in a report written in the Standard newspaper, farmers feeding their cattle with hay beet have recorded up to three spans more liters of milk in a day.

Corresponded to other dairy fodders, fodder beet needs less space for planting but gives more meals in return.

Fodder beet is equivalent to beetroots, but it is enormous and has low sugar levels. The amusing part is that the fooder is extremely popular in almost all nations, but nobody understands it.

Let’s get begun on fodder beet farming in Kenya the suitable way without time wasting.

Fodder Beet Farming in Kenya -The Best High Producing Forage Crop

Environmental requirements

Fodder beet is a high-yield crop that requires less land for its cultivation. The fodder crop succeeds well in soils with adequate drainage, making loam soil appropriate for farming. The saltiness level of the ground or water also has no negative effect on this crop.

Therefore, you should study the soil PH level, which should be between 6-6.5, as beets are liable to acid soils.

Field preparation.

Before planting, comprehensive soil preparation by a turning plow or disc harrow is needed. To earn high yields, you need to split your fields into paddocks to allow and manage to graze when the crop begins to mature.

Fodder Beet Farming in Kenya – Sowing

For a satisfactory crop of fodder beet, there should be about 80,000-90,000 seeds per hectare. For this, you require about 20 – 25kg of seeds per hectare.

Sowing the fodder beet in piles just like you do for sweet potatoes yields higher yields in return than growing on a flat surface. In addition, the furrows that made from the ridges are used for flushing the crop, which also saves 20 – 25 percent of water.

After sowing the seeds, you ought to water immediately and ensure that the water does not reach the top of the cliffs and remains only in the furrows. Otherwise, a crust will form on the lid of the seeds, making the sprout not come out.

Fertilizer and manure application.

Due to fodder beats’ high presentation capacity, large amounts of nutrients are enthralled from the ground.

Therefore, each third year in the field of hay beet, at the time of practice of the area, add 15 20tonnes per hectare of mature cow dung.

Apart from this, you should use nitrogen fertilizer at 150kg per hectare, phosphorus 75kg, & potash 150kg per hectare.

Make half the dose of nitrogen, phosphorus, & potash at the time of planting. Give half of the rest nitrogen in two equal amounts after weeding 30 & 50 days after sowing.

Most fodder beet types support the growth of multiply plants from the same seed. This means that, after 20 days after germination, the space between plant to plant should stand at 20cm.

Since this crop’s initial development is prolonged, weeding is essential after 30-50 days of planting.

Irrigation

First irrigation should be performed at the interval of 15 days instantly after sowing until late March, when it is lowered to intervals of 8 – 10 days as required.

Harvesting

Before uprooting the hay beets, cut the leaves 2 to 3 inches above the ground and provide them to your animals as fodder.

After this, use 25kg per hectare of nitrogen to the crop at the irrigation time to begin growing fast. When the leaves at the base of the plant begin to dry, and the other leaves start curling yellowish, it’s time to uproot the tubers.

Method of feeding fodder beets

Wash the leaves & tubers, and then cut them into little pieces. These pieces are provided to the animals directly.

Feed a completely grown adult dairy with 10-15kg (tuber & green leaves) per day, gradually improving the quantity.

4-7 kg per animal is appropriate for Sheep and goats. When affluent beets are fed to animals, you can lower only half of their allocation. Fodder beets can also be cut & dried in sunlight & stored.

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