HomeAGRIBUSINESSWatermelon Farming in Kenya From Seed- Market

Watermelon Farming in Kenya From Seed- Market

You have entered the right place if you are peeking for Watermelon Farming in Kenya pdf. In this quick watermelon guide, we’re going to show you precisely how to farm your melons directly from seed to market.

As you all understand, watermelons are tropical fruits, & their growth relies on climatic and soil requirements.

On average, watermelons take 70-90 days to mature from planting. However, in areas such as the coastal area where the climate is hot and moist, watermelons grow and develop faster.

Watermelon Farming in Kenya: Things to consider

Before you start planting melons.

  • Choose a location that is complimentary of pests and diseases affecting watermelons.
  • Water availability for irrigation
  • The soils implied for growing watermelons must be rich, little acidic(PH 5.5 to 6.5), and not arid.

Watermelon Varieties in Kenya

When it arrives to Kenya’s watermelon varieties, choosing a appropriate type is vital for profit. The choice must be earned according to the market demands concerning shape, taste, size, and fruit weight.

Other characteristics that concern watermelon type include; shelf life, productivity, transportation, and adaptability to cultivation in a greenhouse. Carrying on, let us take a glance at some of the common watermelon types in Kenya.

Sukari F1

Sukari F1 is regarded one of Kenya’s most widely used and best watermelon types. The Crimson red flesh type & very sweet watermelons are characterized by about an early maturity cycle. 75 to 90 days from planting time.

With a 500 to 600 grams/acre seed rate, the Sukari F1 watermelon type has a potential yield of 25tons per acre with an average weight of 7 to 8 kg.

Asali F1 by Royal Seeds Company

The next watermelon type in Kenya is the popular Asali F1 watermelon hybrid, efficiently identifiable by its oblong shape.

Asali F1 is characterized by its earlier maturing period of 85 days connected with a 30-40 tons per acre potential yield. This watermelon variety is immune to Fusarium and Anthracnose diseases and has an moderate weight of 10-12KGS at full maturity.

Sugar Baby by Royal seed

The Sugar Baby watermelon type was made for farmers with a small farming area. Though it is small in size, Sugar Baby has a lofty market demand due to its sweetness & weight, which typically does not exceed 5 kg.

Other common watermelon varieties in Kenya contain;

  • Kito F1
  • Zuri F1
  • Crimson Sweet
  • Sweet rose F1 by Kenya seed
  • Kubwa F1
  • Julie F1 is also by Kenya Seed.
  • An lastly, Rose F1

Watermelon Fertigation & irrigation

To obtain a bumper yield from a qualitative-quantitative point of view, you should not ignore the water and nutritional aspects of the crop.

With fertigation, more significant efficiency in the allocation of fertilizers is obtained, the cultivation required during the entire vegetative cycle of the crop is better reduced.

Regular irrigations are also required during the germination and transplantation stage of the plant. An increasing magnitude of water is required during the plant’s growth because the roots do not go extremely deep.

On the contrasting, never irrigate before harvesting to not ruin the flavor of the fruit with too extensive water.

Watermelon Farming in Kenya Planting

The soil for growing watermelons should be loose, fresh, & well-drained. It should be worked enormously, possibly well in advance, to design the holes where you will place the seeds.

Sow in holes 150 to 200 cm between the rows &100 cm on the row. The seeds are first soaked in water 24 to 48 hours before and sown with their advice facing downwards.

Seed rate: 3 to 4 kg per hectare with straightforward sowing (3 to 4 seeds per hole). Mulching is advised.

After 20 to 30 days from sowing, thin out the extra leaves and branches, leaving the most progressive plant in the hole. It is also good exercise to let only one fruit produce per branch.

To avoid the construction of light spots on the part that catnaps on the ground, turn the fruits in the last phases of growth every 2-3 days to get sun on all sides.

Storage, Transportation, and Marketing

There is always a prepared market for watermelons in Kenya, no matter the season. Nevertheless, before transporting your melons to the market, let us take a watch at what we call “Value Addition.”

Value addition concerns the process of sorting, warehouse reading, and lastly, packaging your watermelons before ferrying them to the market.

Sorting and Grading

Watermelons should be sorted first before storage; the following are pulled.

  • insect-damaged and cracked fruits
  • Fruits affected by Blossom-end rot.
  • Discolored fruits

Afterward, watermelons are according, graded to their size and packed, ready for transport.

RELATED ARTICLES

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

- Advertisment -

Most Popular